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原油期貨 INSIDE TODAY
  • 原油期貨上市一周年 服務實體經濟功能初顯
  • 本站編輯:中信建投期貨杭州分公司發布日期:2019-08-28 15:43 瀏覽次數:

以“國際平臺、凈價交易、保稅交割、人民幣計價”為創新特點的原油期貨自2018年3月26日在上海期貨交易所子公司上海國際能源交易中心(下稱上期能源)上市以來,市場整體運行平穩,成交量和持倉量均穩步增長,各業務環節運作銜接順暢,交易、結算、結購匯、跨境資金劃撥、保稅實物交割、期轉現、保稅轉關、倉單充抵保證金、現貨備案、倉單出庫、交割后報關進口等業務流程已全部走通。總體呈現出“交易平穩、結算流暢、交割順利、監查嚴格、風控到位、輿論正面、功能初步顯現”的良好態勢。

 

  截至2019年3月25日,原油期貨累計成交量3670.03萬手(單邊)、累計成交金額17.12萬億元(單邊),全市場保證金總額76.01億元,日均成交15.10萬手(單邊)、日均成交金額704.55億元(單邊)、日均持倉22,406.96手(單邊),最大日成交量359,786手(單邊,2018年12月7日)。吸收會員157個,其中期貨公司會員149個,非期貨公司會員8個。總開戶數已超40000,半數以上客戶參與了交易。市場各方積極參與,投資者結構良好,境內外大型石油、化工企業、大型貿易商、各類投資公司及個人客戶等均有參與原油期貨的交易。市場普遍認為,上海原油期貨價格走勢與WTI原油期貨和Brent原油期貨形成了良好的互動關系。2018年3月與10月,聯合石化分別與殼牌和京博石化以上海原油期貨價格簽署了長期合同和現貨合同,表明上海原油期貨價格作為定價基準的接受程度在不斷上升。國際能源署(IEA)、石油輸出國組織(OPEC)等國際機構對上海原油期貨高度關注并進行了客觀公正的正面評價。

 

  目前,上期能源批準了6家原油期貨指定交割倉庫,共8個存放點,核定庫容595萬立方米,初期啟用315萬立方米,其中遼寧1個、山東2個、上海1個、浙江3個、廣東1個;此外,批準了3家備用交割倉庫,核定庫容260萬立方米,其中遼寧2個、山東1個。上市以來,順利完成7次交割,累計交割量719.7萬桶。累計生成倉單412.5萬桶,完成報關進口155.2萬桶,完成廣東湛江至上海洋山轉關65萬桶。

 

  據了解,上期能源已完成了香港和新加坡地區注冊,分別取得了ATS和RMO資質,這為境外交易者和境外經紀機構直接參與原油期貨交易提供了合法便捷的渠道。目前,上期能源已經完成了香港、新加坡、英國、韓國、日本52家境外中介機構的備案,境外客戶來自英國、澳大利亞、瑞士、新加坡、塞浦路斯、塞舌爾等6個國家以及我國香港和臺灣地區。隨著原油期貨的穩步發展,預計境外投資者參與數量和程度會逐漸增加。

 

  作為我國首個國際化的期貨品種,原油期貨上市以來的平穩運行和功能逐步發揮,為后續推出更多國際化品種奠定了基礎,也為我國期貨市場國際化的市場運作和監管積累了經驗。下一步,上海期貨交易所將在證監會的指導下,以習近平新時代中國特色社會主義思想為指引,深入學習貫徹中央經濟工作會議精神,深刻領會習總書記對資本市場系列講話精神,認真落實證監會系統工作會議精神,深化金融供給側結構性改革,守住不發生系統性風險的底線,深化金融改革開放,增強金融服務實體經濟能力,主動對接能源和經濟發展戰略,夯實價格發現和風險管理基礎,服務“一帶一路”倡議,推動市場健康發展。按照進一步對外開放的要求,擴大境外市場推廣力度,進一步提高國際影響力,吸引全球投資者的參與。

In the international platform, net trade, bonded delivery, denominated in yuan "for innovation characteristics of crude oil futures since March 26, 2018 in Shanghai futures exchange, a subsidiary of Shanghai international energy trading center (hereinafter referred to as the energy of the previous period) since listing, the market overall smooth operation, volume and open interest are growing steadily, smoothly linking to each link of business operation, trading, settlement, foreign exchange purchase, and cross-border funds transfer, bonded physical delivery, turning period now, bonded transit and warehouse receipt for deposit, the spot for the record, warehouse outbound, delivery after customs clearance, etc. All business processes have been go through. In general, it presents a good situation of "smooth trading, smooth settlement, smooth delivery, strict supervision, risk control in place, positive public opinion and initial appearance of functions".

As of March 25, 2019, crude oil futures trading volume 36.7003 million hands (unilateral), clinch a deal amount (unilateral) amounting to 17.12 trillion yuan, the whole market margin total 7.601 billion yuan, the average 151000 hands (unilateral), the average daily turnover of 70.455 billion yuan (unilateral), average daily hand position 22406.96 (unilateral), maximum daily volume of 359786 hands (unilateral, December 7, 2018). It has 157 members, including 149 members of futures companies and 8 members of non-futures companies. The total number of accounts opened has exceeded 40,000, and more than half of the customers participated in the transaction. All parties actively participate in the market, and the investor structure is good. Large domestic and foreign petroleum, chemical enterprises, large traders, various investment companies and individual customers have participated in the trading of crude oil futures. It is generally believed that the price trend of Shanghai crude oil futures has formed a good interactive relationship with WTI crude oil futures and Brent crude oil futures. In march and October 2018, united petrochemical signed long-term contracts and spot contracts with shell and jingbo petrochemical respectively at the Shanghai crude oil futures price, indicating that the acceptance of Shanghai crude oil futures price as the pricing benchmark is increasing. The international energy agency (IEA), organization of petroleum exporting countries (OPEC) and other international organizations have paid close attention to Shanghai crude oil futures and made objective, fair and positive comments.

At present, energy has approved 6 designated delivery warehouses for crude oil futures in the previous period, with a total of 8 storage sites. The approved storage capacity is 5.95 million cubic meters, and 3.15 million cubic meters will be used in the initial stage, including 1 in liaoning, 2 in shandong, 1 in Shanghai, 3 in zhejiang and 1 in guangdong. In addition, three standby delivery warehouses with a capacity of 2.6 million cubic meters were approved, including two in liaoning and one in shandong. Since its listing, it has successfully completed seven deliveries, with a total delivery volume of 7.197 million barrels. A total of 4.125 million barrels of warehouse receipts were generated, 1.552 million barrels of customs declaration were completed, and 650,000 barrels of customs transfer from zhanjiang to yangshan in guangdong province was completed.

It is understood that last energy has completed its registration in Hong Kong and Singapore, and obtained ATS and RMO qualifications respectively, which provides a legal and convenient channel for foreign traders and brokers to directly participate in crude oil futures trading. At present, the previous energy has completed the filing of 52 overseas intermediaries in Hong Kong, Singapore, the United Kingdom, South Korea and Japan, and the overseas customers come from 6 countries including the United Kingdom, Australia, Switzerland, Singapore, Cyprus and seychelles, as well as Hong Kong and Taiwan. With the steady development of crude oil futures, it is expected that the number and degree of participation of foreign investors will gradually increase.

As the first international futures variety in China, the smooth operation and function of crude oil futures have been gradually brought into play since the listing of crude oil futures, laying a foundation for the subsequent introduction of more international varieties and accumulating experience for the international market operation and supervision of China's futures market. Next, the Shanghai futures exchange in the securities and futures commission, under the guidance of the thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in jinping new era as the guide, in-depth study and implement the central economic work conference spirit, understand the acquisition of general secretary of the capital market series speech spirit, earnestly implement the securities and futures commission system work conference spirit, we will deepen reform of the financial supply side structural and systemic risk does not occur to hold the line, the deepening of financial reform and opening up, enhance the capacity of financial services entity economy, active docking energy and economic development strategy, laying solid foundation price discovery and risk management, and service "area" initiative, to promote healthy development of the market. In accordance with the requirements of further opening to the outside world, expand the promotion of overseas markets, further enhan




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